It is the only discipline which possesses the method and theory for the collection and interpretation of information about the pre-written human past, and can also make a critical contribution to our understanding of documented societies.
In downtown New York archaeologists have exhumed the 18th century remains of the Black burial ground.
Archaeology has been described as a craft that enlists the sciences to illuminate the humanities.
Focuses on the periods referred to in the Hebrew and Greek scriptures (often called the Old and New Testaments), but embracing all of the ancient Near East and was originally concerned with the historical validation of events and personages.
Focuses on the Classical World (Greece, Rome, and the Mediterranean).
Obsidian is a volcanic glass used by many cultures in tools and weapons.
When a fresh surface is exposed (during the flintknapping process, for example), it attracts water from the surrounding atmosphere.
“We need to conduct studies to identify the type of birds from which such feathers were taken and the manufacturing technique,” said archaeologist Gabriel Prieto of the National University of Trujillo, who believes a black resin was used to fasten the headdress' ropes and threads.
A similar burial containing a feathered garment featuring mostly blue feathers was uncovered in another area of the site last year, he added.
The study of animal bones recovered from archaeological sites.
Zooarchaeological research involves the identification and interpretation of animal bones recovered from archaeological contexts in the effort to gain information on the diets and patterns of animal exploitation of the people whose activities resulted in the formation of the site(s) under study.
Focuses on the period before written history The specialty field of conducting archaeological investigations in submerged and maritime environments.