The new Gregorian Calendar cut 10 days from the year in adjustment.Other Catholic countries followed and adopted the Gregorian Calendar but England, being Protestant, did not.
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Counting was done in scores (a score = 20), so you will often come across something like this: xx iiij ( 20 over 4), which means 4 times 20, or four score, which is 80.
Compare this with the modern French word for 80 - quatre-vingts, ‘four twenties’.
‘1 Elizabeth I’ means the first year of the reign of Elizabeth I.
Elizabeth I came to the throne on 17 November 1558, so 1 Elizabeth I means some time between 17 November 1558 and 16 November 1559.
For further information about measurement see Colin Chapman, ‘How heavy, how much and how long?
: weights, money and other measures used by our ancestors’ (Lochin,1995).In Scotland, 1 January became the official beginning of the year in 1600, the day after 31 December 1599.Some documents will be dated not by the calendar year but by the regnal year - how long the ruling monarch had been on the throne.Most people today are still familiar with the classic Roman numerals.Be aware, however, that you will find them represented in a slightly different way in documents written in English. A ‘1’ by itself, or at the end of a number, was usually represented by a ‘j’.England therefore remained 10 days behind the New Style Calendar.