The gender division of dress was thus much more pronounced than in Near Eastern dress, with garments of entirely different construction-- hose (later trousers) and skirts each reserved exclusively for one sex.upper body garment closely fitted, the neck, head and face might be exposed.Yet within these general aesthetic limitations we see changes so dramatic that an observer from the fifteenth century would be hard put to identify the nationality, or even the rank and occupation of Europeans he might encounter in later periods.
Details of accessories, textile embellishment, textile choice, and the particular combinations and layering sequence of garments worn further distinguished gender, class, and particular clans or communities .
The wearing of many layers always had been a characteristic of ceremonial or festive dress, and was a sign of wealth and status.
These forms remained essentially unchanged over centuries, particularly for men, except for dynastic changes in headgear.
For women, the essential forms also remained the same although there were some gradual changes in silhouette, materials and accessories.
Costume historians find it far easier to date European garments that have survived, because fashions changed much more rapidly and dramatically in construction, silhouette and embellishment.
The Turks trace their origin to the steppes of Eastern Central Asia.
In the early Medieval period both men’s and women’s garments were laced to the upper body, and although women’s gowns were modestly skirted to the ankles, men’s were short enough to display a well-turned leg, usually encased in closely fitted or laced hose.
Although outer garments such as capes, mantles and hoods were worn for functional or perhaps for ceremonial purposes, prior to the Crusades trousers as worn in the East were unknown, as were sleeved, front opening coats.
Nor was the layering of these garments a particularly important aesthetic element in the early middle ages.